treaty

The COVID-19 pandemic showed that Antarctica’s isolation and remoteness cannot protect it from events in the rest of the world.

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The global sea level rise due to the melting ice poses a serious threat to low-lying coastal areas including those in the tropics.

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The Antarctic Treaty System has long been hailed as an example of successful international cooperation. But could that be at risk?

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What does the future of Antarctica look like in a changing world and geopolitical climate?

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If the two leaders meet during the APEC summit, the region will be reassured that the rivalry between the two superpowers is being checked.

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Beyond any country’s jurisdiction, relatively little is known about the high seas and the life it contains. As high sea activities ramp up that needs to change.

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The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has mixed success, but its aims remain worth supporting.

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Born of compromises, the treaty’s attempt to satisfy all parties has led to it being toothless. How best to restore its bite?

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The Arms Trade Treaty can work best where it sidesteps the great powers’ strategic interests.

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When Ukraine gave up its stockpile of nuclear weapons, it expected protection from the great powers. Russia’s invasion could start a global re-think.

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Russia’s nuclear blackmail is prompted by a flawed treaty and ambivalence by nuclear weapon states towards nuclear disarmament.

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